ACL (ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT) INJURIES
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common. It is frequently encountered in various sports branches such as football, basketball, and gymnastics. Generally, they can be torn by stretching movements such as sudden stopping, changing direction, and turning. It is more common in women than men.
The knee joint provides the connection between the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone). It is a tripartite structure consisting of the femur, tibia, and patella (knee cap). These bones are covered with thick cartilage tissue. Owing to the cartilage structure, the bone surfaces move simply without friction. Between these two cartilage surfaces (femur and tibia) there is a hard cartilage structure called a C or crescent-shaped meniscus.
There are 4 main ligaments in the knee region. These ligaments connect the femur and tibia. The anterior cruciate ligament, located anterior to the center of the knee, is responsible for restricting the rotation of the tibia and preventing it from sliding forward. The ligament at the back of the knee is the posterior cruciate ligament and prevents backward movement (slipping) of the tibia. The ligaments responsible for stability are medial collateral and lateral collateral ligaments. While the medial collateral ligament provides stability within the knee, the lateral collateral ligament maintains the external stability of the knee.
In knee injuries, it is confirmed whether there is a cruciate ligament tear by using X-ray and MRI methods after the examination. It is determined whether there is an injury to the bone. Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are treated surgically. With the developments in the health sector, this surgery can be performed closed with the arthroscopic technique. It is seen that patients recover faster.
ACL Closed Loop is used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery.
ACL Closed Loop (ACL Closed Loop) consists of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). Provides stamina and strength.
– Cannot be absorbed.
– The button part is shiny titanium.
– Its dimensions are in the range of 12 – 60 mm.
On the same day after the operation, knee exercises explained by the physiotherapist are started. It is necessary to support from crutches for several weeks, and the patient should not overload the knee.
Maintaining the stability of the knee and regaining its former functions after regular exercise and follow-up show that the surgery was successful. Sports activities can be started from the 5th or 6th month.